Ethnopharmacological Study, Phytochemical Quality and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oils of Chenopodium ambrosioides, Eucalyptus camaldulensis and Origanum majorana from Taounate Region (Morocco)

Zineb Benziane Ouaritini1,, Mohamed Amine El Hajjaji1,2,, Salma Braoul1,, Nesrine Benkhaira2, and Kawtar Fikri-Benbrahim2,*,

1Laboratory of Natural Substances, Pharmacology, Environment, Modeling, Health and Quality of Life, Faculty of Sciences, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez 30 000, Morocco

2Laboratory of Microbial Biotechnology and Bioactive Molecules, Faculty of Sciences and Technologies, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, P.O. Box 2202, Imouzzer Road, Fez, Morocco

*Corresponding author: E-mail:


This study aims to collect the traditional uses of three medicinal plants, Chenopodium ambrosioïdes, Eucalyptus camaldulensis and Origanum majorana, in Taounate region of Morocco and to evaluate the phytochemistry and antimicrobial activity of their essential oils. The ethnobotanical survey showed that Eucalyptus camaldulensis is used to treat respiratory ailments (27%), followed by osteo-articular troubles (24%), neurological diseases (22%), genitourinary and also digestive tract ailments (11% for each), while only 2% use it against dermatological problems. Origanum majorana was recommended for cardiovascular diseases (31%), neurological diseases (25%), digestive tract diseases (25%) and genitourinary infections (14%), as well as metabolic troubles (5%). While Chenopodium ambrosioides is mainly consumed to treat neurological diseases (37%), digestive diseases (35%) and skin conditions (20%). After hydrodistillation, the essential oils were analyzed by gas chromatography and mass-spectrometry (GC/MS). The main component of Chenopodium ambrosioides essential oil is α-terpinene (80.74%). For Eucalyptus camaldulensis essential oil, 1,8-cineole (34.16%) and (-)-spathulenol (21.21%) are the main compounds. As for Origanum majorana essential oil, terpinene-4-ol (39.80%), α-phellandrene (15.15%) and carene (12.06%) represent the major components. The antibacterial activity of these essential oils indicates a stronger inhibitory effect on Gram-positive strains than Gram-negative strains; with minimum inhibitory concentrations varying between 5-40 μL/mL.


Chenopodium ambrosioides, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Origanum majorana, Volatile compounds, Antibacterial activity.

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