Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) based Green Synthesis of Metal and Metal Oxide Nanoparticles and its Applications: Mini-Review

Waseem Ahmad1,*,, Ajay Singh2,*,, Meghna Manral2,, Shivam Pandey2, and Mohd. Rashid3,

1Department of Chemistry, Graphic Era Deemed to be University, Dehradun-248007, India

2Department of Chemistry, Uttaranchal University, Dehradun-248007, India

3Department of Chemistry, Rishiraj Singh Mahavidyalaya, Ambedkar Nagar-224234, India

*Corresponding authors: E-mail:;


Due to its distinct and unique surface morphology, mechanical strength, tunable solubility in water, viscous properties, ease of access and enormous amount of raw materials, low-cost synthesis process and similarly several more opposing characteristics, carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) based materials have wide applications. While synthesizing nanoparticles, CMC appears to be better as both a reducing and stabilizing agent. CMC would have no detrimental effects on human health or the environment and also is non-toxic and biodegradable. Hence, CMC mediated metal and metal oxide nanoparticles have multiple benefits in the areas of antibacterial, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, wound healing, antioxidant, as well as optical properties. In this mini-review article, the role of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) is highligted in the fabrication of nanoparticles.


Carboxymethyl cellulose, Green synthesis, Biological activities.

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