Green Synthesis of Copper Nanoparticles and Evaluation of its Antioxidant and Antibacterial Efficacy

Md. Moulana Kareem1,2, and G. Vijaya Lakshmi2,*

1Department of Chemistry, Government Degree College, Manuguru-507117, India

2Department of Chemistry, Osmania University College for Women, Hyderabad-500095, India

*Corresponding author: E-mail: gvjlakshmi@gmail.com

Abstract

The current study presents a simple and green method for the optimal synthesis of copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) using Cu(CH3COO)2 and aqueous extract of Terminalic chebula fruit as a reducing and capping agent. UV-vis spectroscopy absorbance at 580 nm was used to characterize the resultant CuNPs. Further FT-IR analysis revealed that the existence of phytochemicals, which reduce Cu2+ ions to Cu and stabilize the resultant CuNPs. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were employed to investigate the shape and crystalline phase of CuNPs. The CuNPs were spherical in shape and averaged 23.68 nm in size. The copper nanoparticles inhibited Gram-negative E. coli more efficiently than Gram-positive S. aureus with the inhibition zones of 14.5 and 9.2 mm, respectively. Furthermore, these CuNPs exhibited dose-dependent free radical scavenging activity, with an EC50 for DPPH of 44.65 μg/mL.

Keywords

Antibacterial, Eco-friendly, Terminalic chebula, Phytochemicals, Scavenging activity.

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