Super Material Borophene: Next Generation of Graphene: A Review

Keshav Dev1,, Ankit K Srivastava2,, Swasti Saxena3,*,, B.S. Bhadoria4, and Barish Dwivedi1,

1Department of Physics, Raghuveer Singh Government Degree College, Lalitpur-284403, India

2School of Science, Indrashil University, Mehsana, Gandhinagar-382740, India

3Department of Physics, Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat-395007, India

4Department of Physics, Bundelkhand University, Jhansi-284003, India

*Corresponding author: E-mail: swastisaxenaa@gmail.com

Abstract

In this review article, we discussed about how the new wonder material borophene is stronger and more flexible than graphene. It’s an excellent conductor of both electricity and heat, as well as a one-of-a-kind superconductor. The orientation of the material and the arrangement of vacancies affect these properties. Borophene is also rather light and reactive. Graphene is the wonderful material not long ago. Tubes, balls and other strange shapes can be formed from a super-strong, atom-thick sheet of carbon. The idea of a new age of graphene-based computer processing and a rich graphene chip industry has been highlighted by materials scientists. However, the remarkable qualities of borophene have lately astonished everyone. It has optimum strength and in-plane flexibility. In some combinations, they can be stronger and more flexible than graphene. Borophene’s high theoretical specific capacities, electrical conductivity and ion transport capabilities make it a promising anode material for batteries. Borophene has a wide range of possible applications due to its unusual physical and chemical features. It is capable of accelerating the decomposition of hydrogen and oxygen, is light weight and can acts as a reactant. We describe the work on borophene in this review, with a focus on current developments. The phases of borophene are first introduced through experimental synthesis and theoretical predictions. The physical and chemical qualities are then summarized, including mechanical, thermal, electrical, optical and superconducting properties.

Keywords

Borophene, Graphene, Properties, Synthesis.

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