Effect of Carboxymethyl Cellulose Concentration on Structural, Morphological and Magnetic Properties of Barium Hexaferrite: A Study Based on Sol-Gel Auto-Combustion Method

Parintip Rattanaburi1,, Paweena Porrawatkul2,, Nongyao Teppaya2,, Amnuay Noypha3,, Rungnapa Pimsen2,, Saksit Chanthai4, and Prawit Nuengmatcha1,2,*,

1Creative Innovation in Science and Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Nakhon Si Thammarat Rajabhat University, Nakhon Si Thammarat 80280, Thailand

2Nanomaterials Chemistry Research Unit, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Nakhon Si Thammarat Rajabhat University, Nakhon Si Thammarat 80280, Thailand

3Department of Physics, Faculty of Education, Nakhon Si Thammarat Rajabhat University, Nakhon Si Thammarat 80280, Thailand

4Materials Chemistry Research Center, Department of Chemistry and Center of Excellence for Innovation in Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand

*Corresponding author: Tel/Fax: +66 7 5377443; E-mail: pnuengmatcha@gmail.com

Abstract

This study was intended to assess the role of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) as a chelating agent in the synthesis of barium hexaferrite (BaFe12O19:BaF). The effect of varying concentrations of CMC was studied via the sol-gel auto-combustion method following the requirements of green chemistry synthesis. The formation of BaF nanoparticles was confirmed using XRD, SEM, EDS, VSM, FTIR and UV-Vis-DRS techniques. The characterized XRD peak indicates the formation of good quality crystalline samples at 6% (w/v) of CMC concentration. SEM analysis suggested that the synthesized BaF is spherical, with sizes ranging from 10-15 nm. The M-H hysteresis loops obtained for the samples showed their soft and hard magnetic behaviour. With the increasing CMC concentration, magnetism becoming harder and an increase in the Ms value can be observed. The UV-Vis-DRS techniques revealed that the band gap energy of synthesized BaF increased with an increase in the concentration of CMC.

Keywords

Carboxymethyl cellulose, Barium hexaferrite, Green synthesis.

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