A Compendious Prospective about Biogenesis of Nanoparticles and their Persuasions: A Review

Kiran Singh1,, Olusola B. Sokefun2, and Shweta Yadav1,*,

1Department of Zoology, School of Biological Sciences, Dr. Harisingh Gour, Vishwavidyalaya (A Central University), Sagar -470003, India

2Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Science, Lagos State University, Ojo, 102101 Lagos, Nigeria

*Corresponding author: E-mail: kmshweta@gmail.com

Abstract

Nanotechnology cogitates manufacturing and exploitation of materials, in which all components are present at the nanoscale and their size ranges up to 100 nm. Nanoparticles can be synthesized chemically or biologically; nevertheless, biologically synthesized nanoparticles are less toxic to the environment and human health. Biogenesis of nanoparticles is acquiring momentum due to the use of biocompatible precursors’ viz., fungi, algae and various plant extracts. Nanoparticles are being useful in various branches of industrial products including energy storage and daily applications namely cosmetics, garments, optical stuff, catalytic, bactericidal, electronics, biological labeling as well as treatment of certain cancerous diseases. Due to their mounting applications, it is essential to develop a toxic-free approach for the synthesis of nanoparticles and their assemblage to eradicate the use of hazardous substances. The broad spectrum of naturally occurring cost effective precursors are available, which can be used in biomedicine, biosensors development, organic dyes and in the fabrication of nanodevices, etc. The study has reviewed the prospective of biocompatible organically synthesized nanoparticles and their cogency in various fields.

Keywords

Nanoparticles, biological synthesis, synthetic approach, Plant extracts, Medical scopes.

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