Oroxylum indicum Vent.: A Review on its Phytochemical and Pharmacological Profile

K.G. Sharma1,, T.L. Devi2,, O.M. Singh2,*, and T.P. Singh2,*,

1Department of Chemistry, Oriental College (Autonomous), Takyelpat, Imphal-795001, India

2Department of Chemistry, Manipur University, Canchipur, Imphal-795003, India

*Corresponding authors: E-mail: prasantath@gmail.com; ok_mukherjee@yahoo.co.in

Abstract

Oroxylum indicum Vent. is an important herbal medicinal plant of South-East Asian countries. The plant parts are used in several traditional medicines to cure various diseases. It has been known to possess antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anticancerous, antiulcer and hepato-protective activities. A wide range of bioactive compounds (like aloe-emodin, chrysin, baicalein, oroxylin A, oroxin A-D, hispiludin and ursolic acid) have been isolated from it, of which flavonoids constitute major secondary metabolites. The presented review summarizes the works undertaken till date, concerning the ethnobotany, phytochemistry and pharmacological study of the plant.

Keywords

Oroxylum indicum, Flavonoids, Chrysin, Oroxin A, Antioxidant, Antidiabetic.

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