Flavonoid: A Mini Review on Galangin

A. Prasad1,*, and S. Kumari2,

1Department of Chemistry, Magadh Mahila College (Patna University), Patna-800001, India

2Department of Zoology, Magadh Mahila College (Patna University), Patna-800001, India

*Corresponding author: E-mail: amritapd2407@gmail.com

Abstract

Studies on flavonoids from plant sources has gained a momentum due to their versatile health benefits. The main sources of flavonoids in humans are fruits, vegetables, red wine and tea. They are small molecular weight secondary metabolites produced in different parts of the plant such as seeds, bark, root, fruits and flowers. Galangin (3,5,7-trihydroxyflavone) a naturally occurring flavonoid is present in roots of Alpinia officinarum, honey and propolis. Its extraction and detection has been reported using various methods such as chromatography, spectrophotometric and electrochemical methods associated with other sophisticated techniques. Galangin showed various pharmacological activities such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, radical scavenging, anticancer activity and hypolipidimic activity. The present review discusses the pharmacological activities, pharmacokinetics and bioanalytical aspects of galangin, which can be beneficial for researchers working in the field of galangin.

Keywords

Galangin, Alpinia officinarum, Flavonoids, Anti-inflammatory activity, Antimicrobial activity, Pharmacokinetics.

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