Evaluation of Phytochemical and Antioxidant Activity of Gomphrena celosioides Mart. Grown in Tien Giang Province, Vietnam

Nguyen Van Thuy1,2, Nguyen Minh Tien2,3, Nguyen Ngoc Quy1,2, Tri Duc Lam1,2, Huynh Thi Kieu Linh4, Ly Hai Trieu5, Le Van Minh5, Pham Minh Quan6,7, Le Minh Bui2,*, Tran Thanh Truc8 and Nguyen Van Muoi8,*

1Center of Excellence for Biochemistry and Natural Products, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

2NTT Hi-Tech Institute, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

3Deparment of Pharmacy, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

4BKU Institute of Advanced Applied Science and Technology (BKIST), Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

5Research Center of Ginseng and Medicinal Materials, National Institute of Medicinal Materials, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

6Institute of Natural Products Chemistry, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST), Hanoi City, Vietnam

7Graduate University of Science and Technology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST), Hanoi City, Vietnam

8Food Technology Department, College of Agriculture, Can Tho University, Vietnam

*Corresponding authors: E-mail: blminh@ntt.edu.vn; nvmuoi@ctu.edu.vn

Abstract

Gomphrena celosioides Mart. is well known for its medicinal values worldwide. In this study, three extracts, viz. diethyl ether extract (DEE), ethanolic extract (EE) and aqueous extract (AE), were successively obtained from the leaves and stem of Gomphrena celosioides to determine the polyphenol and flavonoid content in this plant. A wide variety of pharmacologically active compounds such as alkaloid, flavonoid, terpenoid, saponin, tannin and polyphenol compounds were present in Gomphrena celosioides. The results of quantitative determination showed that total polyphenol content of DEE, EE and AE reached 35.35 ± 1.47, 250.17 ± 2.95 and 133.92 ± 3.17 mgGAE/g, respectively. Moreover, total flavonoid content of the DEE, EE and AE was 23.21 ± 1.87, 50.74 ± 2.32 and 27.25 ± 1.34 mgQE/g, respectively.In comparison with DEE and AE, the ethanolic extract exhibited the highest DPPH (IC50 = 13.29 ± 0.10 μg/mL) and ABTS (IC50 = 6.3 ± 0.11 μg/mL).

Keywords

Gomphrena celosioides Mart, Phytochemicals, Total polyphenol, Total flavonoid, Antioxidant activity.

   View Article PDF File Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.