Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles using Salacca zalacca Extract as Reducing Agent and It’s Antibacterial Activity

Anti Kolonial Prodjosantoso*,, Oktanio Sigit Prawoko, Maximus Pranjoto Utomo and Lis Permana Sari

Department of Chemistry, Yogyakarta State University, Yogyakarta, DIY 55281, Indonesia

*Corresponding author: E-mail: prodjosantoso@uny.ac.id

Abstract

In this article, the synthesis of silver nanoparticles through a reduction reaction process using Salacca zalacca extract is reported. The AgNPs were characterized using X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared and UV-visible spectrophotometry methods. The AgNPs antibacterial activity was determined against of Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus epidermidis) and Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli). The main functional groups contained in Salacca zalacca extract are carbonyl, hydroxyl and nitrile groups, which are believed to reduce the silver ions to metal. The surface plasmon resonance values of brownish red AgNPs are in the range of 410 nm to 460 nm. The structure of AgNPs is face centered cubic (FCC). The diameter of silver nanoparticles crystallite is 14.2 ± 2.6 nm. The AgNPs growth inhibition zones of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus epidermidis are 9.6 mm and 9.2 mm, respectively.

Keywords

Silver nanoparticles, Salacca zalacca, Antibacterial, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis.

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