Isolation of Steroid Compounds from Suruhan (Peperomia pellucida L. Kunth) and Their Antimalarial Activity

Nurhayati Bialangi1, Adam Mustapa2, Yusda Salimi1, Ari Widiantoro3 and Boima Situmeang4,*

1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematic and Natural Sains, State University of Gorontalo, Gorontalo 96128, Indonesia

2Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Sport and Healthy, State University of Gorontalo, Gorontalo 96128, Indonesia

3Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sains, Tanjungpura University, Kota Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat 78115, Indonesia

4Department of Chemistry, Sekolah Tinggi Analis Kimia Cilegon, Banten 42411, Indonesia

*Corresponding author: E-mail:


Suruhan (Peperomia pellucida) is easily found in Indonesia and has the potential of being a herb medicine. General phytochemical screening revealed the presence of flavonoid, steroid, triterpenoid, alkaloid and tannin compounds. Two steroid compounds were isolated from ethyl acetate fraction of the Peperomia pellucida. The compounds were isolated with chromatography method and antimalarial activity test with Desjardin method. Based on the spectral evidence IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, 2D NMR and MS spectroscopies, structures were determined to be stigmasterol (1) and fucosterol (2). The results of antimalarial activity test showed IC50 value of stigmasterol is 5.24 ppm and fucosterol is 0.85 ppm. This is the first report so far of isolation of steroid compounds from Peperomia pellucida plant from Gorontalo, Indonesia and their antimalarial activity test.


Suruhan, Steroid, Antimalarial, Peperomia pellucida.

   View Article PDF File Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.