Biophenols: The Abundant Redox-Active Dietary Molecules of Life: A Review

A.J.A. Petrus

Department of Chemistry, Kanchi Mamunivar Centre for Post-Graduate Studies (Autonomous), Puducherry-605 008, India

Corresponding author: Tel: +91 413 2221419, E-mail: ajapetrus@hotmail.com

Abstract

Plants, in general and functional food plants particularly, have been analyzed to be the rich sources of numerous redox-active secondary metabolites. Phytophenols are undoubtedly the ubiquitous class of bioactive constituents of the human diet manifesting both nutritional and health benefits mediated largely by their redox property, reactive species-scavenging and metal chelating capacities and can mitigate oxidative stress-induced tissue damage associated with chronic diseases. Though the therapeutic potentials and the antioxidant/pro-oxidant capacities of the individual biophenols are themselves potential topics of debate, an ever-expanding quantum of scientific evidence does tend to support their protective role, via diet, against the presently mushrooming age-related degenerative disorders. The present review attempts to portray the status quo of dietary biophenols in the health and longevity.

Keywords

Plant phenol, Dietary antioxidant, Cardiovascular health, Aging, Neurodegenerative disorders, Cancer chemopreventive.

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