Biological Importance and Phytochemistry of Neptunia oleracea Lour: A Mini Review

Okram Sonia Devi1,, Thoudam Nabachandra Singh2,*,, Laishram Jairaj Singh1,*, and Thokchom Prasanta Singh3,

1Department of Botany, CMJ University, Jorabat-793101, India

2Department of Botany, Churachandpur College, Churachandpur-795128, India

3Departement of Chemistry, Manipur University, Canchipur-795003, India

*Corresponding authors: E-mail: nabachandra201@gmail.com; laishramjairaj@gmail.com

Abstract

Neptunia oleracea is an important medicinal plant used in treating various ailments in different countries. The plant contains chlorophyll-related compounds, amino acids, vitamins, etc. The presence of pheophorbide a and its related compounds make this plant a promising antitumor plant. The plant is used for sewage water treatment and is also utilized in nitrogen fixation in a wetland ecosystem. The present review emphasizes the traditional uses, biological activites and phytochemistry of N. oleracea.

Keywords

Neptunia oleracea Lour, Medicinal plant, Biofertilizer, Nitrogen fixation.

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